1. Piemonte (Torino):
The Piemonte region is surrounded on three sides by the famous Alps. The capital city, Torino (or Turin), is home to the legendary Shroud of Turin, the ancient linen cloth bearing the image of what most believe to be the face of Jesus Christ. The 2006 Winter Olympic Games were held in Torino.
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2. Valle D'Aosta (Aosta):
The Aosta Valley region is the smallest and least populated region of Italy. The highst mountain in Western Europe, Mont Blanc, is located in this region. The Italian entrance to the Mont Blanc Tunnel, a road that runs through the Alps, is situated near the capital city of Aosta. The tunnel is 11.6 kilometers (7.25 miles) long.
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3. Lombardia (Milano):
Approximately one sixth of Italy's population lives in Lombardy. The capital city of Milan is known as one of the most highly developed urban centers in Europe. It is a major commercial and financial center and one of the world capitals of the fashion industry The church called Santa Maria delle Grazie is home to one of the most famous paintings in the world, Leonardo da Vinci's The Last Supper.
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4. Trentino-Alto Adige (Trento):
Until 1919, Trentino-Alto Adige was part of Austria-Hungary. It is borderd by Austria to the north. The region is extremely mountainous and covers a large part of the Dolomites and southern Alps.
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5. Veneto (Venice):
Veneto lies between the Alps and the Adriatic Sea and is one of the wealthiest regions of Italy and is the most vistited. One of the most recognized symbols of the capital city of Venice is the winged lion. Venice and the nearby island of Murano are famous for glass making and lace. Prosecco, the Italian 'Champagne' is produced in this region.
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San Marino (a sovereign country):
The Republic of San Marino, the third smallest nation in Europe (after Monaco and Vatican City), is surrounded by Italy (see map).
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